Updated Wheat Class Shuffle Proposed by the Canadian Grain Commission

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The Canadian Grain Commission is proposing the creation of two new wheat classes and the elimination of two classes. The CGC is also looking to delay the removal of 29 varieties from the Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) from 2017 to 2018.

grading wheat2After consulting with the Western Canadian grain industry, the CGC is suggesting the creation of “Canada Northern Hard Red” and “Canada Western Special Purpose” classes as of August 1, 2016.

As the CGC’s Daryl Beswitherick explains below, the changes would increase the classification system’s flexibility, as the two new classes ensure that any wheat variety can be designated to a class.

“Coming forward through the variety registration system, any variety would have a class that it could be designated to,” he says.

Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) would potentially include registered varieties of hard red wheat don’t fit into any existing class, including:

  • Varieties in the current interim wheat class (ie. Faller, Prosper and Elgin — as discussed in this Wheat School episode).
  • The 29 CWRS and CPSR varieties set to be re-designated (listed here).
  • Varieties which do not receive support from the Wheat, Rye and Triticale Quality Evaluation Team for other hard red wheat trials, but are recommended for registration by the Prairie Recommending Committee for Wheat, Rye and Triticale (PRCWRT) and meet the requirements for the proposed CNHR class.
  • New hard wheat varieties developed for specific markets that meet the quality requirements of the proposed Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class.
  • Varieties with milling characteristics, but lower gluten strength (these may have fallen under CWRS or CPS in the current system.)

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The “Canada Western Special Purpose” class would replace the Canada Western Feed and the Canada Western General Purpose class on August 1, 2016. This CWSP class would include:

  • Varieties that are currently designated to the Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) wheat class.
  • Varieties that do not fit within the parameters of any of the other Canadian western wheat classes (e.g. varieties developed for feed and ethanol use or specialized niche markets).

The CWPS class would have no quality parameters and include registered varieties for which no quality data has been provided by the variety registrant.

The re-designation of 29 CWRS and CPSR varieties originally planned for August 1, 2017 would also be pushed back to August 1, 2018 to allow the value chain more time to prepare.

Beswitherick says they’ll be consulting with industry over the coming months.

“Early in the year we would like to move forward with a solid plan and start notifying industry of the final outcome,” he says.

Anyone wishing to share feedback with Beswitherick or the CGC can reach him at 204-983-4627.

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