United States advances first USMCA dispute panel regarding dairy TRQs


The United States has requested and established a dispute settlement panel to review measures regarding Canada’s administration of its dairy tariff rate quota (TRQs) policies, under the new trade agreement USMCA/CUSMA.

The U.S. is challenging Canada’s allocation of dairy TRQs — specifically the set-aside of a percentage of each dairy TRQ exclusively for Canadian processors. The country is saying these measures deny the ability of U.S. dairy farmers, workers, and exporters to utilize the TRQs and realize the full benefit of the USMCA.

Mary Ng, Canada’s Minister of Small Business, Export Promotion and International Trade, says that Canada if confident that its policies are in full compliance with the USMCA TRQ obligations.

“Canada is a strong proponent of rules-based multilateral trade and believes that international trade will play an important role in the global recovery from COVID-19,” says Minister Ng. “We take our obligations under international agreements seriously. This includes those under USMCA with the United States, our closest trading partner. We are confident that our policies are in full compliance with our USMCA TRQ obligations, and we will vigorously defend our position during the dispute settlement process.”

The U.S. requested consultations with Canada on December 9, 2020. The Parties held consultations on December 21, 2020, but did not resolve the dispute. This is the first panel request ever filed under Chapter 31 (Dispute Settlement) of the USMCA.

The dispute settlement process could take up to 8 months to conclude, in this case, up to December 2021.


Please register to read and comment.

Privacy Preference Center


Necessary cookies help make a website usable by enabling basic functions like page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies.

gdpr, __cfduid, PHPSESSID, wordpress_test_cookie, woocommerce_items_in_cart, woocommerce_cart_hash, wp_woocommerce_session, wordpress_logged_in, wordpress_sec, wp-settings, wp-settings-time, __cf_mob_redir, wordpress_cache, realag


Measuring interactions with the ads on the domain.



These are used to track user interaction and detect potential problems. These help us improve our services by providing analytical data on how users use this site.



Preference cookies enable the website to remember information that changes the way the website behaves or looks, like your preferred language or the region that you are in.

chartdefaults, comment_author, comment_author_email, comment_author_url
JSESSIONID, _os_session,anonymous_votes,csrf-param,csrf-token,user,user-id,user-platform,intercom-session,intercom-lou,intercom-session
personalization_id, tfw_exp


Register for a RealAgriculture account to manage your Shortcut menu instead of the default.