Wheat, oats, and summer fallow acres climb, with declines in canola, barley, and peas: StatsCan acreage report

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Farmers across Canada planted more wheat, oats, corn, and mustard this spring, and cut the number of acres growing canola, barley, and dry peas, according to Statistics Canada.

The number of summerfallow acres also climbed by more than 35 per cent (to 1.8 million), based on the June Field Crop Survey results, published July 5.

All-wheat acres climbed 8.7 per cent from last year, to 25.4 million, with 18.2 million going to spring wheat (up 10.5 per cent).

Canola — the second largest area crop — was planted to 21.4 million acres, down 4.7 per cent from 2021, according to StatsCan.

Barley acreage dropped by 15.1 per cent to 7.0 million acres, while oat area increased by 16.1 per cent from last year to just under 4 million acres.

Soybean acres were in line with last year, at 5.3 million acres, while corn (for grain) acres rose 4.1 per cent to 3.6 million.

As for pulse crops, StatsCan figures lentil area was almost unchanged, at 4.3 million acres, while field pea acres declined by 11.8 per cent to 3.4 million.

There were some major swings in smaller acre specialty crops. Chickpea area dipped slightly to 178 thousand acres, while dry bean area dropped significantly — 32 per cent — to 297 thousand acres. Mustard acres, meanwhile, climbed by 80 per cent (!), to 555 thousand acres, while flax saw a major 24 per cent decline, to 779 thousand acres, says StatsCan. Canary seed acres dropped 7.2 per cent to 291 thousand.

The July 5 acreage report was based on a survey of around 25 thousand farms between May 13 and June 12 — when conditions were very wet and seeding was delayed on the eastern side of the Prairies. StatsCan says respondents were asked to report what they intended to seed, while farms in areas of Manitoba that had declared states of emergency were excluded from the survey. StatsCan relied on existing information to estimate acres in these wet areas.

Related:

Unseeded area in Manitoba estimated at nearly 700 thousand acres

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